Essay on the subject of benefits and drawbacks of Nuclear Energy

Essay on the subject of benefits and drawbacks of Nuclear Energy

The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy have made this alternative power source perhaps one of the most controversial on the market today. Advocates pros and cons nuclear energy are equally passionate about their causes. Knowing the advantages and disadvantages with this power source makes it possible to make a more decision that is informed your personal energy use.

Nuclear Power Source

Nuclear energy is used to produce electricity. Heat generated through the splitting of uranium atoms in an activity referred to as fission is employed to produce steam. This steam in turn powers turbines, that are used to produce the electricity that supplies the surrounding community.

Nuclear power stations are put up in a process that is multiple-step happens to be built to help contain the energy and several of the negative byproducts. This method alone is the base of several benefits and drawbacks because of this energy source.

Benefits of Nuclear Energy

Despite potential drawbacks as well as the controversy that surrounds it, nuclear energy does have a few advantages over various other methods of energy production.

Less uranium is required to produce the same quantity of energy as coal or oil, which lowers the expense of producing the exact same level of energy. Uranium can be less costly to procure and transport, which further lowers the cost.


When a power that is nuclear is functioning properly, it could run uninterrupted for up to 540 days. This results in fewer brownouts or any other power interruptions. The running of this plant can also be not contingent of weather or suppliers that are foreign that makes it more stable than other types of energy.

No Carbon Dioxide

While nuclear energy comes with some emissions, the plant itself will not give off greenhouse gasses. Research indicates that what life-cycle emissions that the plants do give off are on par with renewable energy sources such as wind power. This lack of carbon dioxide can be extremely attractive to some consumers.

A primary reason that nuclear energy falls under fire so frequently is due to the many disadvantages it brings.

Raw Material

Uranium is used in the act of fission as it’s a naturally unstable element. This means special precautions should be taken throughout the mining, storing and transporting of this uranium, as well as the storing of any waste product to avoid it from giving off harmful amounts of radiation.

Nuclear fission chambers are cooled by water, both in the boiling water reactors (BWRs) and water that is pressurized (PWRs). In PWRs, cold water enters through primary pipes plus the secondary pipes eliminate the hot water away, so that the coolant is certainly not in touch with the reactor. In BWRs, water runs through the reactor core, therefore if there is any leakage of fuel, the water could possibly get contaminated and it is transported into the rest of system.

Used nuclear rods are immersed in water within the spent fuel pool, to cool them before they may be transported for disposal. Radio-active water can leak away from doors within the pool once the seals that keep consitently the hinged doors airtight malfunction.

Other pollutants released by nuclear plants are heavy metals and toxic pollutants that harm plant and animal life in aquatic bodies. Water is released to the atmosphere after being cooled but is still warm and damages the ecosystem of the sinks it flows into.

Once the uranium has finished splitting, the resulting byproducts that are radioactive to be removed. The storage of the by-product could lead to contamination through leaks or containment failures while recycling efforts of this waste product have been undertaken in recent years.

Nuclear reactors are built with several safety systems made to contain the radiation given off in the fission process. When these safety systems are properly maintained and installed, they function adequately. If they are not maintained, have structural flaws or were improperly installed, a nuclear reactor could release harmful amounts of radiation into the environment through the means of regular use. If a containment field were to rupture suddenly, the resulting leak of radiation might be catastrophic.

There were several nuclear reactors that have failed and been shutdown which can be still in existence. These abandoned reactors are taking on valuable land space, might be contaminating the areas surrounding them, yet tend to be too unstable to be removed.

With so several advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy, it’s no surprise that nuclear power remains one of the more controversial types of energy in existence. Get educated on this topic to create an informed decision on your views of the use.

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